Digital interpretation: 10%: high treatment costs make more than half of leukemia children give up treatment once they are diagnosed, less than 10% of treatments! 50%: children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia through chemotherapy, 80% to 90% of children Can be relieved, about 50% can be cured. 40,000: Most of the children with leukemia are in the population and can only participate in the new cooperative medical care, and the reimbursement amount in most areas is only 40,000. Many children gave up treatment. "Li Rui is in good condition. Because of the long treatment period of leukemia, it is necessary to receive chemotherapy for a period of time." Wu Minyuan, director of the Blood Center of Children's Hospital, said. Many people remember the "Li Rui incident" that occurred last year. On the afternoon of February 16 last year, Premier Wen Jiabao ended his investigation and prepared to take the train back to Beijing. He met two leukemia children from the train station waiting room. Li Rui’s parents were prepared to take him home because they had no money to see him. After Premier Wen was informed, he immediately arranged for Li Rui to go to the hospital for treatment. Li Rui was admitted to the Children's Hospital on the same day. However, more children with leukemia are far less fortunate than Xiao Li. Hao Gao, the provincial high student of Tang Gaochang, died in 2008 because he had no money to continue his treatment. Up to now, there are still more than 100,000 foreign debts in the family that have not been paid off (see Health Times, March 26, 2009, No. 616, 3rd Edition, “A Leukemia” The death of the child"). The province’s Zhong Kailang has been diagnosed with acute leukemia two years ago. He has been wearing a mask every day. He understood that he was on the verge of death. "I don't want to wear a mask to live, I want to go back to school to continue reading..." At the moment, he is in the blood center of the university hospital, he hopes to live in a special ward of bone marrow transplantation as soon as possible - because of leukemia The deterioration rate is very fast, and it may turn from "standard risk" to "high risk" in the next few days. The hospitalization deposit is 300,000 yuan. Parents want to do everything they can to raise it, but now they still have 20,000 yuan. "I am very envious of Li Rui, he can meet Premier Wen, it is too blessed." Zhong Kailang said. Professor Xu Lanping, who is in charge of the sterile laminar flow ward at the Institute of Hematology, University Hospital, told reporters that many of the patients waiting for bone marrow transplants in the hospital are from children in remote areas. They often cannot be transplanted at the right time because of financial difficulties. Some even eventually gave up treatment. In 2009, the leukemia rescue discussion, the Prime Minister rescued Xiao Lirui more than half a month later, during the two sessions in 2009, many CPPCC members and deputies of the National People's Congress raised corresponding proposals on the social security of serious illnesses. Yin Chuangui, deputy to the National People's Congress and the president of the provincial hospital, submitted a proposal calling on the government to include leukemia in medical insurance. He said: "In, especially in remote areas, there are thousands of 'Li Rui' isolated and helpless. They cannot all be helped by the chance of encountering the prime minister." Guo Changjiang, member of the Political Consultative Conference and chairman of the Red Cross Foundation, said I hope that the government can increase investment, include the treatment of major diseases such as leukemia into the scope of medical insurance, and include the cost of stem cell transplantation and high-priced therapeutic drugs such as Gleevec in the scope of reimbursement. "The incidence of leukemia is about four hundred thousandths, 1.3 billion people, and four to five million children a year. Leukemia is a treatable disease, but the high cost of hundreds of thousands of dollars is unbearable for the average family; About half of leukemia patients are teenagers, and they can't enjoy medical insurance..." Hou Xiaohua, vice chairman of the CPPCC and chairman of the Agricultural Workers' Party, told reporters that more than half of adolescent leukemia patients gave up treatment once they were diagnosed, but the families that really persisted were insufficient. 10%. The maximum reimbursement for children is only 40,000. Professor Liu Daihong from the Institute of Hematology at the University said that 80% to 90% of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia can be relieved by chemotherapy, and about 50% can be cured. Although the cure rate of childhood leukemia is high, it requires a long treatment process. In about 3 to 4 years, the entire medical expenses and living expenses are unbearable for an ordinary family. Chemotherapy for children with leukemia begins on average, costing about 100,000 to 150,000 in the first year, and 50,000 to 100,000 in the second and third years. If you pass a hematopoietic stem cell transplant, the recovery process takes only one or two years. Professor Liu Daihong said that the existing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation center has a survival rate of more than 70% for leukemia, but statistics show that the medical expenses of 70% of the survivors vary greatly: 30% of them only need about 200,000, 20%. The cost of treatment is between 300,000 and 400,000, and the remaining 20% is about 500,000 to 600,000. With such high medical expenses, what is the amount of reimbursement for patients? At present, children with non-accounts can join the medical insurance for students and children with major illnesses. For those who have a household registration (after 28 days of birth) and registered students, the annual payment is 50, and the maximum reimbursement is 170,000. At the government, the government injected 20 million start-up funds to establish a mutual fund for children, and primary and secondary school students pay 20-50 per year. At present, there are more than 20,000 children with major illnesses, and a total of 48 million people have received assistance. As for the population of the region, there is too much difference. Professor Liu Daihong said: Most of the children with leukemia are the population, the children have no occupation, they cannot enjoy social medical insurance, they can only participate in the new rural cooperative medical system, and the reimbursement of up to 40,000 in most areas. The amount, "for the treatment of children with leukemia, it is a drop in the bucket." Sprinkle into the blood ward, in the video visit outside the bloody ward of the University Hospital, there are many families of leukemia patients, when they learned that Premier Wen announced When children with leukemia were used as a medical insurance pilot disease, many people were crying excitedly. Bingbing (a pseudonym) is a 9-year-old girl who has just completed a hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Her mother is worried about the cost of follow-up treatment. After hearing this news, she couldn't help but shed tears of excitement. The autumn harvest is a Mongolian teenager from ancient Ulanhot. He has just lived in a sterile laminar warehouse. His sister, Qiu Mei, can't wait to tell the younger brother the good news by phone. The doctor is worried that the condition of Zhong Kailang has deteriorated.He moved into the ward in advance, his mother shed tears and told him the news in bed, his face showed a pure smile. At this point, just through the double-glazed window of the ward, sprinkled on him.